The modern interpretation of Chen Tai Chi Chuan history is rooted in the Peking Opera and folk tradition of the late Qing Dynasty- standardized by the Chinese Government in 1928. Tai Chi, Xingyi, and Baguazhang developed centuries apart, yet are instructed under one category labeled “Internal Martial Arts”. Only the China government has authority to set the standards on internal/ external styles at that scale, as fighting lineages usually never agree on anything.
Taiji Push Hands training has evolved from the ancient military confrontation tactics of the two-handed spear. The offensive and defensive “sticking and adhering” strategy between soldiers in the Ming era, utilized weapons context entirely and often at long range. Chen Taijiquan push hands were never intended purely for unarmed wrestling, close distance- the modern approach requires much additional supplementation for practicality.